Targeted therapies for regulating processes such as inflammation, apoptosis, and fibrogenesis might modulate human HCC development. Pirfenidone (PFD) has shown anti-fibrotic and anti-inflammatory functions in both clinical and experimental studies. The aim of this study was to evaluate PPARγ expression and localization in samples of primary human tumors and assess PFD-effect in early phases of hepatocarcinogenic process. Human HCC tissue samples were obtained by surgical resection. Experimental hepatocarcinogenesis was induced in male Fischer-344 rats. TGF-β1 and α-SMA expression was evaluated as fibrosis markers. NF-kB cascade, TNFα, IL-6, and COX-2 expression and localization were evaluated as inflammation indicators. Caspase-3, p53, and PARP-1 were used as apoptosis markers, PCNA for proliferation. Finally, PPARα and PPARγ expression were evaluated to understand the effect of PFD on the activation of such pathways. PPARγ expression was predominantly localized in cytoplasm in human HCC tissue. PFD was effective to prevent histopathological damage and TGF-β1 and α-SMA overexpression in the experimental model. Anti-inflammatory effects of PFD correlate with diminished IKK and decrease in both IkB-phosphorylation/NF-kB p65 expression and p65-translocation into the nucleus. Pro-apoptotic PFD-induced effects are related with p53 expression, Caspase-3 p17 activation, and PARP-1-cleavage. In conclusion, PFD acts as a tumor suppressor by preventing fibrosis, reducing inflammation, and promoting apoptosis in MRHM.