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RSS FeedsDeveloping and Validating Novel Nomograms for Predicting the Overall Survival and Cancer-Specific Survival of Patients With Primary Vulvar Squamous Cell Cancer (Frontiers in Medicine)

 
 

3 december 2021 22:00:04

 
Developing and Validating Novel Nomograms for Predicting the Overall Survival and Cancer-Specific Survival of Patients With Primary Vulvar Squamous Cell Cancer (Frontiers in Medicine)
 


Background: To develop and validate novel nomograms for better predicting the overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) of patients with vulvar squamous cell cancer (VSCC).Methods: A retrospective analysis using a population-based database between 2004 and 2016 was carried. A 10-fold cross-validation with 200 repetitions was used to choose the best fit multivariate Cox model based on the net-benefit of decision curve analysis. Net-benefit, Harrell`s C concordance statistic (C-statistic) of calibration plot, and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) were used to evaluate the model prediction accuracy. Nomograms of the OS and CSS were generated based on the best fit model.Results: Of the 6,792 patients with VSCC, 5,094 (75%) and 1,698 (25%) were allocated to the training and validation cohort, respectively. All the variables were balanced between the training and validation cohorts. Age, insurance, tumor size, pathological grade, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, invasion depth, lymphadenectomy, sentinel lymph nodes biopsy, surgery, N stage, and M stage were in the best fit model for generating nomograms. The decision curve analysis, calibration plot, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve show the better prediction performance of the model compared to previous studies. The C-statistics of our model for OS prediction are 0.80, 0.83, and 0.81 in the training, validation, and overall cohorts, respectively, while for CSS prediction are 0.83, 0.85, and 0.84. The AUCs for 3- and 5-year OS are the same and are 0.81, 0.83, and 0.81 in the training, validation, and overall cohorts, respectively. The AUCs for 3- and 5-year CSS are 0.78 and 0.80, 0.79 and 0.80, and 0.79 and 0.80 in those three cohorts.Conclusions: Our model shows the best prediction accuracy of the OS and CSS for patients with vulvar cancer (VC), which is of significant clinical practice value.


 
70 viewsCategory: Medicine
 
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