Gangliosides (GGs) represent an important class of biomolecules associated with the central nervous system (CNS). In view of their special role at a CNS level, GGs are valuable diagnostic markers and prospective therapeutic agents. By ion mobility separation mass spectrometry (IMS MS), recently implemented by us in the investigation of human CNS gangliosidome, we previously discovered a similarity between GG profiles in CSF and the brain. Based on these findings, we developed IMS tandem MS (MS/MS) to characterize rare human CSF glycoforms, with a potential biomarker role. To investigate the oligosaccharide and ceramide structures, the ions detected following IMS MS separation were submitted to structural analysis by collision-induced dissociation (CID) MS/MS in the transfer cell. The IMS evidence on only one mobility feature, together with the diagnostic fragment ions, allowed the unequivocal identification of isomers in the CSF. Hence, by IMS MS/MS, GalNAc-GD1c(d18:1/18:1) and GalNAc-GD1c(d18:1/18:0) having both Neu5Ac residues and GalNAc attached to the external galactose were for the first time discovered and structurally characterized. The present results demonstrate the high potential of IMS MS/MS for biomarker discovery and characterization in body fluids, and the perspectives of method implementation in clinical analyses targeting the early diagnosis of CNS diseases through molecular fingerprints.