We analyse the fractal nature of geomagnetic field northward and eastward horizontal components with 1 min resolution measured by the four stations Belsk, Hel, Sodankylä and Hornsund during the period of 22 August–1 September, when the 26 August 2018 geomagnetic storm appeared. To reveal and to quantitatively describe the fractal scaling of the considered data, three selected methods, structure function scaling, Higuchi, and detrended fluctuation analysis are applied. The obtained results show temporal variation of the fractal dimension of geomagnetic field components, revealing differences between their irregularity (complexity). The values of fractal dimension seem to be sensitive to the physical conditions connected with the interplanetary shock, the coronal mass ejection, the corotating interaction region, and the high-speed stream passage during the storm development. Especially, just after interplanetary shock occurrence, a decrease in the fractal dimension for all stations is observed, not straightforwardly visible in the geomagnetic field components data.