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RSS FeedsIJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 8752: The Effect of Isosaponarin Derived from Wasabi Leaves on Glutamate Release in Rat Synaptosomes and Its Underlying Mechanism (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)

 
 

6 august 2022 11:35:22

 
IJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 8752: The Effect of Isosaponarin Derived from Wasabi Leaves on Glutamate Release in Rat Synaptosomes and Its Underlying Mechanism (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 


Excessive glutamate release is known to be involved in the pathogenesis of neurological diseases, and suppression of glutamate release from nerve terminals is considered to be a treatment strategy. In this study, we investigated whether isosaponarin, a flavone glycoside isolated from wasabi leaves, could affect glutamate release in rat cerebral cortex nerve terminals (synaptosomes). The release of glutamate was evoked by the K+ channel blocker 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) and measured by an online enzyme-coupled fluorimetric assay. Isosaponarin produced a concentration-dependent inhibition of 4-AP-evoked glutamate release with a half-maximum inhibition of release value of 22 μM. The inhibition caused by isosaponarin was prevented by eliminating extracellular Ca2+ or by using bafilomycin A1, an inhibitor of synaptic vesicle exocytosis. Isosaponarin decreased intrasynaptosomal rises in Ca2+ levels that were induced by 4-AP, without affecting the synaptosomal membrane potential. The isosaponarin-induced inhibition of glutamate release was significantly prevented in synaptosomes that were pretreated with a combination of the calcium channel blockers ω-conotoxin GVIA (N-type) and ω-agatoxin IVA (P/Q-types). The protein kinase C (PKC) pan-inhibitor GF109203X and the Ca2+-dependent PKC inhibitor Go6976 abolished the inhibition of glutamate release by isosaponarin, while the Ca2+-independent PKC inhibitor rottlerin did not show any effect. The results from immunoblotting assays also showed that isosaponarin lowered PKC, PKCα, synaptosomal-associated protein of 25 kDa (SNAP-25), and myristoylated alanine-rich C-kinase substrate (MARCKS) phosphorylation induced by 4-AP. In addition, FM1-43-labeled synaptic vesicles in synaptosomes showed that treatment with isosaponarin resulted in an attenuation of the 4-AP-induced decrease in fluorescence intensity that is consistent with glutamate release. Transmission electron microscopy of synaptosomes also provided evidence that isosaponarin altered the number of synaptic vesicles. These results indicate that isosaponarin suppresses the Ca2+-dependent PKC/SNAP-25 and MARCKS pathways in synaptosomes, causing a decrease in the number of available synaptic vesicles, which inhibits vesicular glutamate release from synaptosomes.


 
60 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology
 
IJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 8749: Microbiome-Based Metabolic Therapeutic Approaches in Alcoholic Liver Disease (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
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