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RSS FeedsMolecules, Vol. 27, Pages 5138: Antitumour Effects of Selected Pyridinium Salts on Sensitive Leukaemia HL60 Cells and Their Multidrug Resistant Topoisomerase II-Defective HL60/MX2 Counterparts (Molecules)

 
 

12 august 2022 11:04:20

 
Molecules, Vol. 27, Pages 5138: Antitumour Effects of Selected Pyridinium Salts on Sensitive Leukaemia HL60 Cells and Their Multidrug Resistant Topoisomerase II-Defective HL60/MX2 Counterparts (Molecules)
 


Multidrug resistance (MDR), having a multifactorial nature, is one of the major clinical problems causing the failure of anticancer therapy. The aim of this study was to examine the antitumour effects of selected pyridinium salts, 1-methyl-3-nitropyridine chloride (MNP) and 3,3,6,6,10-pentamethyl-3,4,6,7-tetrahydro-[1,8(2H,5H)-dion]acridine chloride (MDION), on sensitive leukaemia HL60 cells and resistant topoisomerase II-defective HL60/MX2 cells. Cell growth was determined by the MTT test. Intracellular ROS level was measured with the aid of 2′,7′-DCF-DA. The cell cycle distribution was investigated by performing PI staining. DSB formation was examined using the γ-H2AX histone phosphorylation assay. The activity of caspase-3 and caspase-8 was measured with the use of the FLICA test. The assays for examining the lysosome membrane permeabilization were carried out with the aid of LysoTracker Green DND-26. Both studied compounds exerted very similar cytotoxic activities towards sensitive HL60 cells and their MDR counterparts. They modulated the cellular ROS level in a dose-dependent and time-dependent manner and significantly increased the percentage of sensitive HL60 and resistant HL60/MX2 cells with sub-diploid DNA (sub-G1 fraction). However, the induction of DSB formation was not a significant mechanism of action of these pyridinium salts in studied cells. Both examined compounds triggered caspase-3/caspase-8-dependent apoptosis of sensitive HL60 cells and their MDR counterparts. Additionally, the findings of the study indicate that lysosomes may also participate in the programmed death of HL60 as well as HL60/MX2 cells induced by MDION. The data obtained in this work showed that both examined pyridinium salts, MNP and MDION, are able to retain high antileukaemic effects against multidrug resistant topoisomerase II-defective HL60/MX2 cells.


 
56 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Chemistry, Molecular Biology
 
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