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RSS FeedsPharmaceuticals, Vol. 15, Pages 1217: Moringa concanensis L. Alleviates DNCB-Induced Atopic Dermatitis-like Symptoms by Inhibiting NLRP3 Inflammasome-Mediated IL-1β in BALB/c Mice (Pharmaceuticals)

 
 

30 september 2022 15:42:14

 
Pharmaceuticals, Vol. 15, Pages 1217: Moringa concanensis L. Alleviates DNCB-Induced Atopic Dermatitis-like Symptoms by Inhibiting NLRP3 Inflammasome-Mediated IL-1β in BALB/c Mice (Pharmaceuticals)
 


Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by pruritus, dry skin and redness on the face and inside elbows or knees. Most patients with AD are children and youths, but it can also develop in adults. In the therapeutic aspect, treatment with corticosteroids for AD has several side effects, such as weight loss, atrophy and acne. In the current study, we examined the anti-inflammatory effect of Moringa concanensis leaves on HaCaT keratinocytes and 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB)-induced atopic dermatitis-like symptoms in BALB/c mice. We observed that M. concanensis treatment exhibited significant inhibition in the production of inflammatory mediators and proinflammatory cytokines, such as IL-1β, in LPS-induced HaCaT keratinocytes by downregulating the NLRP3 inflammasome activation. Moreover, M. concanensis inhibited the activation of JNK, AP-1 and p65, which resulted in the deformation of NLRP3 in LPS-stimulated HaCaT cells. In mice with DNCB-induced AD-like skin lesions, the administration of M. concanensis ameliorated the clinical symptoms, such as the dermatitis score, thickness of lesional ear skin and TEWL. Furthermore, M. concanensis could attenuate the activation of the immune system, such as reducing the spleen index, concentration of the IgE levels and expression of the NLRP3 inflammasome in ear tissues. Therefore, our results suggest that M. concanensis exerts anti-atopic dermatitis effects by inhibiting the NLRP3 inflammasome-mediated IL-1β.


 
64 viewsCategory: Medicine, Pharmacology
 
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