IJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 11591: Inhibition of Complex I of the Respiratory Chain, but Not Complex III, Attenuates Degranulation and Cytokine Secretion in Human Skin Mast Cells (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
The mechanisms of mast cell (MC) degranulation and MC-driven skin symptoms are well-described. In contrast, data about the role of mitochondrial respiration for immune functions of human skin MCs are lacking. Oxygen consumption rate (OCR) in primary human skin MCs during IgE-mediated activation in the absence of glucose was examined using a metabolic flux analyzer. Effects of the inhibition of mitochondrial complex I (by rotenone A) and III (by myxothiazol) on degranulation and cytokine secretion (IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-13, TNF-α, and GM-CSF) were explored by the β-hexosaminidase release assay and multiplex ELISA. IgE-mediated activation rapidly increased the mitochondrial OCR and extracellular acidification; the contribution of non-mitochondrial oxygen consumption remained unchanged at lower levels. Both myxothiazol and rotenone A reduced OCR, the mitochondrial parameters, and extracellular acidification; however, myxothiazol did not affect degranulation and cytokine secretion. In contrast, degranulation and the secretion of IL-6, IL-13, TNF-α, and GM-CSF were reduced by rotenone A, whereas the secretion of IL-4 and IL-5 was not significantly affected. The inhibitors did not affect cell viability. Our results highlight the important role played by mitochondrial respiration in primary human skin MCs and allow for a conclusion on a hierarchy of their effector functions. Drugs targeting specific pathways in mitochondria may provide future options to control MC-driven skin symptoms.