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RSS FeedsIJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 11608: Methodological and Biological Factors Influencing Global DNA Methylation Results Measured by LINE-1 Pyrosequencing Assay in Colorectal Tissue and Liquid Biopsy Samples (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)

 
 

1 october 2022 09:25:54

 
IJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 11608: Methodological and Biological Factors Influencing Global DNA Methylation Results Measured by LINE-1 Pyrosequencing Assay in Colorectal Tissue and Liquid Biopsy Samples (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 


Long interspersed nuclear element 1 (LINE-1) bisulfite pyrosequencing is a widely used technique for genome-wide methylation analyses. We aimed to investigate the effects of experimental and biological factors on its results to improve the comparability. LINE-1 bisulfite pyrosequencing was performed on colorectal tissue (n = 222), buffy coat (n = 39), and plasma samples (n = 9) of healthy individuals and patients with colorectal tumors. Significantly altered methylation was observed between investigated LINE-1 CpG positions of non-tumorous tissues (p ≤ 0.01). Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded biopsies (73.0 ± 5.3%) resulted in lower methylation than fresh frozen samples (76.1 ± 2.8%) (p ≤ 0.01). DNA specimens after long-term storage showed higher methylation levels (+3.2%, p ≤ 0.01). In blood collection tubes with preservatives, cfDNA and buffy coat methylation significantly changed compared to K3EDTA tubes (p ≤ 0.05). Lower methylation was detected in older (>40 years, 76.8 ± 1.7%) vs. younger (78.1 ± 1.0%) female patients (p ≤ 0.05), and also in adenomatous tissues with MTHFR 677CT, or 1298AC mutations vs. wild-type (p ≤ 0.05) comparisons. Based on our findings, it is highly recommended to consider the application of standard DNA samples in the case of a possible clinical screening approach, as well as in experimental research studies.


 
102 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology
 
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