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RSS FeedsIJERPH, Vol. 19, Pages 15900: Oral-Health-Related Self-Efficacy among the Elderly Population in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)

 
 

29 november 2022 10:07:03

 
IJERPH, Vol. 19, Pages 15900: Oral-Health-Related Self-Efficacy among the Elderly Population in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
 


Oral health self-efficacy is a fundamental determinant of behavioral changes among elderly patients. Objective: To assess the oral self-efficacy among the Saudi population aged 65 years old and above in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Methodology: This was a cross-sectional survey conducted on elderly individuals in Riyadh. An Arabic version of the Geriatric Self-Efficacy Scale for Oral Health (GSEOH) was administered to all participants. The dependent variables included oral function, oral hygiene habits, and dental visits. For the statistical analysis, two independent sample t-tests and a one-way ANOVA test were used. Significance was judged at a p-value less than 0.05. Results: Of 400 participants recruited, 53% were males. About 58% had retained teeth, and 72% had visited a dentist in the past 12 months. Overall, 31.6%, 34.64%, 22.65%, and 11.14% of the participants rated their oral health as good, fairly good, rather poor, and poor, respectively. Age (p < 0.001), educational level (p < 0.001), and working status (p < 0.001) were significantly associated with GSEOH scores. Other sociodemographic characteristics were not found to affect the GSEOH scores. Conclusions: The overall self-efficacy of oral health among Saudi elderly individuals is fairly good. Age, educational level, and occupational status are the main determinants of oral health self-efficacy scores.


 
54 viewsCategory: Medicine, Pathology, Toxicology
 
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