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RSS FeedsRemote Sensing, Vol. 14, Pages 6048: Interpretable Deep Learning Applied to Rip Current Detection and Localization (Remote Sensing)


29 november 2022 12:35:48

Remote Sensing, Vol. 14, Pages 6048: Interpretable Deep Learning Applied to Rip Current Detection and Localization (Remote Sensing)

A rip current is a strong, localized current of water which moves along and away from the shore. Recent studies have suggested that drownings due to rip currents are still a major threat to beach safety. Identification of rip currents is important for lifeguards when making decisions on where to designate patrolled areas. The public also require information while deciding where to swim when lifeguards are not on patrol. In the present study we present an artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm that both identifies whether a rip current exists in images/video, and also localizes where that rip current occurs. While there have been some significant advances in AI for rip current detection and localization, there is a lack of research ensuring that an AI algorithm can generalize well to a diverse range of coastal environments and marine conditions. The present study made use of an interpretable AI method, gradient-weighted class-activation maps (Grad-CAM), which is a novel approach for amorphous rip current detection. The training data/images were diverse and encompass rip currents in a wide variety of environmental settings, ensuring model generalization. An open-access aerial catalogue of rip currents were used for model training. Here, the aerial imagery was also augmented by applying a wide variety of randomized image transformations (e.g., perspective, rotational transforms, and additive noise), which dramatically improves model performance through generalization. To account for diverse environmental settings, a synthetically generated training set, containing fog, shadows, and rain, was also added to the rip current images, thus increased the training dataset approximately 10-fold. Interpretable AI has dramatically improved the accuracy of unbounded rip current detection, which can correctly classify and localize rip currents about 89% of the time when validated on independent videos from surf-cameras at oblique angles. The novelty also lies in the ability to capture some shape characteristics of the amorphous rip current structure without the need of a predefined bounding box, therefore enabling the use of remote technology like drones. A comparison with well-established coastal image processing techniques is also presented via a short discussion and easy reference table. The strengths and weaknesses of both methods are highlighted and discussed.

62 viewsCategory: Geology, Physics
Remote Sensing, Vol. 14, Pages 6046: Ground-Penetrating Radar Full-Wave Inversion for Soil Moisture Mapping in Trench-Hill Potato Fields for Precise Irrigation (Remote Sensing)
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