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RSS FeedsMolecules, Vol. 27, Pages 8610: Effect of Celeriac Pulp Maceration by Rhizopus sp. Pectinase on Juice Quality (Molecules)


6 december 2022 11:48:50

Molecules, Vol. 27, Pages 8610: Effect of Celeriac Pulp Maceration by Rhizopus sp. Pectinase on Juice Quality (Molecules)

Peeled and unpeeled celeriac pulp was macerated with pectinase from Rhizopus sp. at 25 °C for 30 and 60 min. Peeling, enzyme addition, and maceration time significantly affected the quality characteristics of the juice. The juice obtained from peeled celeriac was characterized by higher pressing yield, sucrose content, and antioxidant activity (ABTS*+ and DPPH*). The juice from the unpeeled root had higher extract, fructose, glucose, total polyphenols, antioxidant activity (FRAP), total phenolic acids, and total luteolin content. Applying the enzyme to celeriac pulp had no significant effect on the extract’s content, analyzed sugars, and antioxidant activity of the juices (ABTS*+). Adding pectinase to unpeeled celery pulp resulted in a 2–10% increase in pressing efficiency, compared to the control sample held at 25 °C for the same period. Maceration of the enzyme-peeled pulp increased the antioxidant potential of the juice by 22% in the FRAP method. In contrast, in all juices analyzed, unpeeled and peeled roots increased antioxidant activity measured by the DPPH* method by 24–57% and total phenolic acids by 20–57%. The time of holding the pulp at 25 °C was an important factor, and its extension resulted in a decrease in the values of most of the analyzed parameters, with the exception of pressing efficiency and fructose content in all analyzed juice samples. Short-term, 30-min maceration of peeled and unpeeled celery pulp with pectinase from Rhizopus sp. had a significant effect on increasing juice yield, antioxidant activity, and phenolic compound content.

57 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Chemistry, Molecular Biology
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