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RSS FeedsIJERPH, Vol. 20, Pages 2189: Meta-Analysis of the Effect of Different Exercise Mode on Carotid Atherosclerosis (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)

 
 

25 january 2023 16:57:55

 
IJERPH, Vol. 20, Pages 2189: Meta-Analysis of the Effect of Different Exercise Mode on Carotid Atherosclerosis (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
 


(1) Background: There is increasing evidence showing the health benefits of exercise on carotid atherosclerosis. However, little is known about the different exercise modes for carotid atherosclerosis. This study was designed to perform a meta-analysis of effect of different exercise modes on carotid atherosclerosis so as to provide evidence-based suggestions for the prevention and management of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. (2) Methods: Six databases were systematically searched to identify randomized trials that compared exercise to a non-exercise intervention in patient with carotid atherosclerosis. We a priori specified changes in cIMT, TC, LDL-C, and HDL-C biomarkers as outcomes. (3) Results: Thirty-four trials met the eligibility criteria, comprising 2420 participants. The main analyses showed pronounced differences on cIMT (MD = −0.06, 95%CI (−0.09, −0.04), p < 0.00001, TC (MD = −0.41, 95%CI (−0.58, −0.23), p < 0.00001), LDL-C (MD = −0.31, 95%CI (−0.43, −0.20), p < 0.00001), and HDL-C (MD = 0.11, 95%CI (0.04, 0.19), p = 0.004), which significantly reduced the risk factors of carotid atherosclerosis disease. In the different exercise modes, the effect was pronounced for aerobic exercise for all outcomes except TC; high-intensity interval exercise also showed significance for all outcomes except TC and HDL-C; aerobic exercise combined with resistance exercise did not affect any outcome except HDL-C; (4) Conclusions: Exercise has a prominent prevention and improvement effect on carotid atherosclerosis. In the perspective of exercise pattern, aerobic exercise and high-intensity intermittent exercise can improve carotid atherosclerosis; however, aerobic exercise has a more comprehensive improvement effect.


 
47 viewsCategory: Medicine, Pathology, Toxicology
 
IJERPH, Vol. 20, Pages 2188: Confucianism and Gender Ratios of Suicide in the World: A WHO Data-Based Study (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
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