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RSS FeedsIJMS, Vol. 24, Pages 2394: Inhibition of EZH2 Causes Retrotransposon Derepression and Immune Activation in Porcine Lung Alveolar Macrophages (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)

 
 

25 january 2023 17:35:36

 
IJMS, Vol. 24, Pages 2394: Inhibition of EZH2 Causes Retrotransposon Derepression and Immune Activation in Porcine Lung Alveolar Macrophages (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 


Alveolar macrophages (AMs) form the first defense line against various respiratory pathogens, and their immune response has a profound impact on the outcome of respiratory infection. Enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2), which catalyzes the trimethylation of H3K27 for epigenetic repression, has gained increasing attention for its immune regulation function, yet its exact function in AMs remains largely obscure. Using porcine 3D4/21 AM cells as a model, we characterized the transcriptomic and epigenomic alterations after the inhibition of EZH2. We found that the inhibition of EZH2 causes transcriptional activation of numerous immune genes and inhibits the subsequent infection by influenza A virus. Interestingly, specific families of transposable elements, particularly endogenous retrovirus elements (ERVs) and LINEs which belong to retrotransposons, also become derepressed. While some of the derepressed ERV families are pig-specific, a few ancestral families are known to be under EZH2-mediated repression in humans. Given that derepression of ERVs can promote innate immune activation through “viral mimicry”, we speculate that ERVs may also contribute to the coinciding immune activation in AMs after the inhibition of EZH2. Overall, this study improves the understanding of the EZH2-related immune regulation in AMs and provides novel insights into the epigenetic regulation of retrotransposons in pigs.


 
40 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology
 
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