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RSS FeedsIJMS, Vol. 24, Pages 2444: Cardiac Differentiation Promotes Focal Adhesions Assembly through Vinculin Recruitment (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)

 
 

26 january 2023 15:10:53

 
IJMS, Vol. 24, Pages 2444: Cardiac Differentiation Promotes Focal Adhesions Assembly through Vinculin Recruitment (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 


Cells of the cardiovascular system are physiologically exposed to a variety of mechanical forces fundamental for both cardiac development and functions. In this context, forces generated by actomyosin networks and those transmitted through focal adhesion (FA) complexes represent the key regulators of cellular behaviors in terms of cytoskeleton dynamism, cell adhesion, migration, differentiation, and tissue organization. In this study, we investigated the involvement of FAs on cardiomyocyte differentiation. In particular, vinculin and focal adhesion kinase (FAK) family, which are known to be involved in cardiac differentiation, were studied. Results revealed that differentiation conditions induce an upregulation of both FAK-Tyr397 and vinculin, resulting also in the translocation to the cell membrane. Moreover, the role of mechanical stress in contractile phenotype expression was investigated by applying a uniaxial mechanical stretching (5% substrate deformation, 1 Hz frequency). Morphological evaluation revealed that the cell shape showed a spindle shape and reoriented following the stretching direction. Substrate deformation resulted also in modification of the length and the number of vinculin-positive FAs. We can, therefore, suggest that mechanotransductive pathways, activated through FAs, are highly involved in cardiomyocyte differentiation, thus confirming their role during cytoskeleton rearrangement and cardiac myofilament maturation.


 
98 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology
 
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