IJERPH, Vol. 20, Pages 2565: Safety of Combined Targeted and Helixor® Viscum album L. Therapy in Breast and Gynecological Cancer Patients, a Real-World Data Study (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Background: Newer personalized medicines including targeted therapies such as PARP inhibitors and CDK 4/6 inhibitors have been shown to improve the survival of breast and gynaecological cancer patients. However, efficacy outcomes may be ham5pered by treatment discontinuation due to targeted therapy-related adverse drug reactions or resistance. Studies have suggested that add-on mistletoe (Viscum album L., VA) improves the quality of life and ameliorates the cytotoxic side effects of standard oncological therapy in cancer patients. The primary objective of this real-world data study was to determine the safety profile of targeted therapy in combination with add-on Helixor® VA therapy compared to targeted therapy alone in breast and gynecological cancer patients. Methods: The present study is a real-world data observational cohort study utilizing demographic and treatment data from the accredited national Network Oncology (NO) registry. The study has received ethics approval. The safety profile of targeted therapies with or without Helixor® VA therapy and safety—associated variables were evaluated by univariate and adjusted multivariable regression analyses. Results: All stages of breast and gynecological cancer patients (n = 242) were on average 54.5 ± 14.2 years old. One hundred and sixty patients (66.1%) were in the control (CTRL, targeted therapy) and 82 patients (33.9%) were in the combinational (COMB, targeted plus Helixor® VA therapy) group. The addition of Helixor® VA did not hamper the safety profile (χ2 = 0.107, p-value = 0.99) of targeted therapy. Furthermore, no adverse events and a trend towards an improved targeted therapy adherence were observed in the COMB group. Conclusions: The present study is the first of its kind showing the applicability of Helixor® VA in combination with targeted therapies. The results indicate that add-on Helixor® VA does not negatively alter the safety profile of targeted therapies in breast and gynaecological cancer patients.