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RSS FeedsMolecules, Vol. 28, Pages 1405: Do Fungicides Affect Alkaloid Production in Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don. Seedlings? (Molecules)

 
 

1 february 2023 16:03:24

 
Molecules, Vol. 28, Pages 1405: Do Fungicides Affect Alkaloid Production in Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don. Seedlings? (Molecules)
 


The presence of endophytes in plants is undeniable, but how significant their involvement is in the host plant biosynthetic pathways is still unclear. The results reported from fungicide treatments in plants varied. Fungicide treatment in Taxus was found to decrease the taxol content. In Ipomoea asarifolia, Pronto Plus and Folicur treatments coincided with the disappearance of ergot alkaloids from the plant. In Narcissus pseudonarcissus cv Carlton, a mixture of fungicide applications decreased the alkaloids concentration and altered the carbohydrate metabolism. Jacobaea plants treated with Folicur reduced the pyrrolizidine alkaloids content. There have not been any studies into the involvement of endophytic fungi on alkaloids production of Catharanthus roseus until now. Though there is a report on the isolation of the endophytic fungi, Fusarium oxysporum from C. roseus., which was reported to produce vinblastine and vincristine in vitro. To detect possible collaborations between these two different organisms, fungicides were applied to suppress the endophytic fungi in seedlings and then measure the metabolomes by 1HNMR and HPLC analysis. The results indicate that endophytic fungi were not directly involved in alkaloids biosynthesis. Treatment with fungicides influenced both the primary and secondary metabolism of C. roseus. The systemic fungicides Pronto Plus and Folicur caused an increase in loganin and secologanin levels. In contrast, control samples had higher level of catharanthine and vindoline. This means that fungicide treatments cause changes in plant secondary metabolism.


 
100 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Chemistry, Molecular Biology
 
Molecules, Vol. 28, Pages 1401: Catalyst-Free Formal Conjugate Addition/Aldol or Mannich Multicomponent Reactions of Mixed Aliphatic Organozinc Reagents, π-Electrophiles and Michael Acceptors (Molecules)
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