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RSS FeedsMolecules, Vol. 28, Pages 1392: Hydrogenase and Nitrogenase: Key Catalysts in Biohydrogen Production (Molecules)


1 february 2023 16:08:31

Molecules, Vol. 28, Pages 1392: Hydrogenase and Nitrogenase: Key Catalysts in Biohydrogen Production (Molecules)

Hydrogen with high energy content is considered to be a promising alternative clean energy source. Biohydrogen production through microbes provides a renewable and immense hydrogen supply by utilizing raw materials such as inexhaustible natural sunlight, water, and even organic waste, which is supposed to solve the two problems of “energy supply and environment protection” at the same time. Hydrogenases and nitrogenases are two classes of key enzymes involved in biohydrogen production and can be applied under different biological conditions. Both the research on enzymatic catalytic mechanisms and the innovations of enzymatic techniques are important and necessary for the application of biohydrogen production. In this review, we introduce the enzymatic structures related to biohydrogen production, summarize recent enzymatic and genetic engineering works to enhance hydrogen production, and describe the chemical efforts of novel synthetic artificial enzymes inspired by the two biocatalysts. Continual studies on the two types of enzymes in the future will further improve the efficiency of biohydrogen production and contribute to the economic feasibility of biohydrogen as an energy source.

129 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Chemistry, Molecular Biology
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