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RSS FeedsMolecules, Vol. 28, Pages 2767: Comprehensive Evaluation of End-Point Free Energy Techniques in Carboxylated-Pillar[6]arene Host–Guest Binding: III. Force-Field Comparison, Three-Trajectory Realization and Further Dielectric Augmentation (Molecules)

 
 

19 march 2023 09:14:45

 
Molecules, Vol. 28, Pages 2767: Comprehensive Evaluation of End-Point Free Energy Techniques in Carboxylated-Pillar[6]arene Host–Guest Binding: III. Force-Field Comparison, Three-Trajectory Realization and Further Dielectric Augmentation (Molecules)
 


Host–guest binding, despite the relatively simple structural and chemical features of individual components, still poses a challenge in computational modelling. The extreme underperformance of standard end-point methods in host–guest binding makes them practically useless. In the current work, we explore a potentially promising modification of the three-trajectory realization. The alteration couples the binding-induced structural reorganization into free energy estimation and suffers from dramatic fluctuations in internal energies in protein–ligand situations. Fortunately, the relatively small size of host–guest systems minimizes the magnitude of internal fluctuations and makes the three-trajectory realization practically suitable. Due to the incorporation of intra-molecular interactions in free energy estimation, a strong dependence on the force field parameters could be incurred. Thus, a term-specific investigation of transferable GAFF derivatives is presented, and noticeable differences in many aspects are identified between commonly applied GAFF and GAFF2. These force-field differences lead to different dynamic behaviors of the macrocyclic host, which ultimately would influence the end-point sampling and binding thermodynamics. Therefore, the three-trajectory end-point free energy calculations are performed with both GAFF versions. Additionally, due to the noticeable differences between host dynamics under GAFF and GAFF2, we add additional benchmarks of the single-trajectory end-point calculations. When only the ranks of binding affinities are pursued, the three-trajectory realization performs very well, comparable to and even better than the regressed PBSA_E scoring function and the dielectric constant-variable regime. With the GAFF parameter set, the TIP3P water in explicit solvent sampling and either PB or GB implicit solvent model in free energy estimation, the predictive power of the three-trajectory realization in ranking calculations surpasses all existing end-point methods on this dataset. We further combine the three-trajectory realization with another promising modified end-point regime of varying the interior dielectric constant. The combined regime does not incur sizable improvements for ranks and deviations from experiment exhibit non-monotonic variations.


 
85 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Chemistry, Molecular Biology
 
Molecules, Vol. 28, Pages 2765: Copper-Catalyzed Asymmetric Dearomative [3+2] Cycloaddition of Nitroheteroarenes with Azomethines (Molecules)
Molecules, Vol. 28, Pages 2766: Rheology as a Tool for Fine-Tuning the Properties of Printable Bioinspired Gels (Molecules)
 
 
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