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RSS FeedsMolecules, Vol. 28, Pages 4515: Enhancement Effects and Mechanism Studies of Two Bismuth-Based Materials Assisted by DMSO and Glycerol in GC-Rich PCR (Molecules)


2 june 2023 08:46:22

Molecules, Vol. 28, Pages 4515: Enhancement Effects and Mechanism Studies of Two Bismuth-Based Materials Assisted by DMSO and Glycerol in GC-Rich PCR (Molecules)

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has extensive bioanalytical applications in molecular diagnostics and genomic research studies for rapid detection and precise genomic amplification. Routine integrations for analytical workflow indicate certain limitations, including low specificity, efficiency, and sensitivity in conventional PCR, particularly towards amplifying high guanine–cytosine (GC) content. Further, there are many ways to enhance the reaction, for example, using different PCR strategies such as hot-start/touchdown PCR or adding some special modifications or additives such as organic solvents or compatible solutes, which can improve PCR yield. Due to the widespread use of bismuth-based materials in biomedicine, which have not yet been used for PCR optimization, this attracts our attention. In this study, two bismuth-based materials that are inexpensive and readily available were used to optimize GC-rich PCR. The results demonstrated that ammonium bismuth citrate and bismuth subcarbonate effectively enhanced PCR amplification of the GNAS1 promoter region (∼84% GC) and APOE (75.5% GC) gene of Homo sapiens mediated by Ex Taq DNA polymerase within the appropriate concentration range. Combining DMSO and glycerol additives was critical in obtaining the target amplicons. Thus, the solvents mixed with 3% DMSO and 5% glycerol were used in bismuth-based materials. That allowed for better dispersion of bismuth subcarbonate. As for the enhanced mechanisms, the surface interaction of PCR components, including Taq polymerase, primer, and products with bismuth-based materials, was maybe the main reason. The addition of materials can reduce the melting temperature (Tm), adsorb polymerase and modulate the amount of active polymerase in PCR, facilize the dissociation of DNA products, and enhance the specificity and efficiency of PCR. This work provided a class of candidate enhancers for PCR, deepened our understanding of the enhancement mechanisms of PCR, and also explored a new application field for bismuth-based materials.

67 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Chemistry, Molecular Biology
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