IJMS, Vol. 24, Pages 9679: IGFBP7 Fuels the Glycolytic Metabolism in B-Cell Precursor Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia by Sustaining Activation of the IGF1R–Akt–GLUT1 Axis (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
Increased glycolytic metabolism plays an important role in B-cell precursor Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (BCP-ALL). We previously showed that IGFBP7 exerts mitogenic and prosuvival effects in ALL by promoting IGF1 receptor (IGF1R) permanence on the cell surface, thus prolonging Akt activation upon IGFs/insulin stimulation. Here, we show that sustained activation of the IGF1R–PI3K–Akt axis concurs with GLUT1 upregulation, which enhances energy metabolism and increases glycolytic metabolism in BCP-ALL. IGFBP7 neutralization with a monoclonal antibody or the pharmacological inhibition of the PI3K–Akt pathway was shown to abrogate this effect, restoring the physiological levels of GLUT1 on the cell surface. The metabolic effect described here may offer an additional mechanistic explanation for the strong negative impact seen in ALL cells in vitro and in vivo after the knockdown or antibody neutralization of IGFBP7, while reinforcing the notion that it is a valid target for future therapeutic interventions.