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RSS FeedsEnergies, Vol. 16, Pages 4499: Forecasting Electricity Demand in Turkey Using Optimization and Machine Learning Algorithms (Energies)

 
 

2 june 2023 13:25:09

 
Energies, Vol. 16, Pages 4499: Forecasting Electricity Demand in Turkey Using Optimization and Machine Learning Algorithms (Energies)
 


Medium Neural Networks (MNN), Whale Optimization Algorithm (WAO), and Support Vector Machine (SVM) methods are frequently used in the literature for estimating electricity demand. The objective of this study was to make an estimation of the electricity demand for Turkey’s mainland with the use of mixed methods of MNN, WAO, and SVM. Imports, exports, gross domestic product (GDP), and population data are used based on input data from 1980 to 2019 for mainland Turkey, and the electricity demands up to 2040 are forecasted as an output value. The performance of methods was analyzed using statistical error metrics Root Mean Square Error (RMSE), Mean Absolute Error (MAE), R-squared, and Mean Square Error (MSE). The correlation matrix was utilized to demonstrate the relationship between the actual data and calculated values and the relationship between dependent and independent variables. The p-value and confidence interval analysis of statistical methods was performed to determine which method was more effective. It was observed that the minimum RMSE, MSE, and MAE statistical errors are 5.325 × 10−14, 28.35 × 10−28, and 2.5 × 10−14, respectively. The MNN methods showed the strongest correlation between electricity demand forecasting and real data among all the applications tested.


 
71 viewsCategory: Biophysics, Biotechnology, Physics
 
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