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RSS FeedsIJMS, Vol. 24, Pages 9732: Iron Availability Influences Protein Carbonylation in Arabidopsis thaliana Plants (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)


4 june 2023 10:35:11

IJMS, Vol. 24, Pages 9732: Iron Availability Influences Protein Carbonylation in Arabidopsis thaliana Plants (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)

Protein carbonylation is an irreversible form of post-translational modification triggered by reactive oxygen species in animal and plant cells. It occurs either through the metal-catalyzed oxidation of Lys, Arg, Pro, and Thr side chains or the addition of α, β-unsaturated aldehydes and ketones to the side chains of Cys, Lys, and His. Recent genetic studies concerning plants pointed to an implication of protein carbonylation in gene regulation through phytohormones. However, for protein carbonylation to stand out as a signal transduction mechanism, such as phosphorylation and ubiquitination, it must be controlled in time and space by a still unknown trigger. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that the profile and extent of protein carbonylation are influenced by iron homeostasis in vivo. For this, we compared the profile and the contents of the carbonylated proteins in the Arabidopsis thaliana wild-type and mutant-deficient in three ferritin genes under normal and stress conditions. Additionally, we examined the proteins specifically carbonylated in wild-type seedlings exposed to iron-deficient conditions. Our results indicated that proteins were differentially carbonylated between the wild type and the triple ferritin mutant Fer1-3-4 in the leaves, stems, and flowers under normal growth conditions. The profile of the carbonylated proteins was also different between the wild type and the ferritin triple mKarl-Josef Dietzutant exposed to heat stress, thus pointing to the influence of iron on the carbonylation of proteins. Consistent with this, the exposure of the seedlings to iron deficiency and iron excess greatly influenced the carbonylation of certain proteins involved in intracellular signal transduction, translation, and iron deficiency response. Overall, the study underlined the importance of iron homeostasis in the occurrence of protein carbonylation in vivo.

65 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology
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