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RSS FeedsIJMS, Vol. 24, Pages 9733: The Unique Light-Harvesting System of the Algal Phycobilisome: Structure, Assembly Components, and Functions (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)

 
 

4 june 2023 11:08:35

 
IJMS, Vol. 24, Pages 9733: The Unique Light-Harvesting System of the Algal Phycobilisome: Structure, Assembly Components, and Functions (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 


The phycobilisome (PBS) is the major light-harvesting apparatus in cyanobacteria and red algae. It is a large multi-subunit protein complex of several megadaltons that is found on the stromal side of thylakoid membranes in orderly arrays. Chromophore lyases catalyse the thioether bond between apoproteins and phycobilins of PBSs. Depending on the species, composition, spatial assembly, and, especially, the functional tuning of different phycobiliproteins mediated by linker proteins, PBSs can absorb light between 450 and 650 nm, making them efficient and versatile light-harvesting systems. However, basic research and technological innovations are needed, not only to understand their role in photosynthesis but also to realise the potential applications of PBSs. Crucial components including phycobiliproteins, phycobilins, and lyases together make the PBS an efficient light-harvesting system, and these provide a scheme to explore the heterologous synthesis of PBS. Focusing on these topics, this review describes the essential components needed for PBS assembly, the functional basis of PBS photosynthesis, and the applications of phycobiliproteins. Moreover, key technical challenges for heterologous biosynthesis of phycobiliproteins in chassis cells are discussed.


 
74 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology
 
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