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RSS FeedsEnergies, Vol. 16, Pages 4521: South Anze Structure and Its Control on Coalbed Methane Aggregation in the Qinshui Basin and the Mechanism of Syncline Gas Enrichment in the Qinshui Basin (Energies)


4 june 2023 14:01:20

Energies, Vol. 16, Pages 4521: South Anze Structure and Its Control on Coalbed Methane Aggregation in the Qinshui Basin and the Mechanism of Syncline Gas Enrichment in the Qinshui Basin (Energies)

The phenomenon of coalbed-methane synclinal accumulation in the Qinshui Basin has been widely reported, but it has mainly been observed in the core block of the Qinshui Syncline. The questions arise: does this phenomenon exist in the wing of the Qinshui Syncline and, if so, what is the mechanism behind it? Further study is required to answer these questions. This paper focuses on the South Anze No. 3 coal seam in the Qinshui Basin as an example. It conducts a systematic sorting of coalbed-methane geological characteristics and an analysis of the effects of structural assemblage characteristics, genetic mechanisms, and structural control on coalbed-methane accumulation. Additionally, it examines the basin structure and evolution during the critical period of the Qinshui Basin, as well as the gas geological characteristics of adjacent areas, in order to discuss the gas-rich mechanism of the syncline in the Qinshui Basin. Key insights obtained from the study include the following: (i) The whole South Anze is a nosing structure that plunges from west to east and superposes secondary folds and faults in different directions. Four deformation zones can be identified based on the characteristics of structural assemblage, including NEN-oriented compressive structures, ENE-trend shear fractures, EW-trend compressive fractures, and EW-trend compressive folds. The formation of structural assemblage in the study area is attributed to the compression in the Indosinian and Yanshanian, and the fault inversion in the Himalayan period. (ii) The ENE-trend shear fracture deformation area located in the nosing uplift is a low CBM (coalbed methane) content area due to gas diffusion during the Himalayan extension. The syncline in the combination of NEN-trend and EW-trend “ejective folds” in the west and south of the study area is a high-value area of coalbed-methane content. It is further verified that the law of syncline gas accumulation in the Qinshui Basin is also applicable to the wing of the Qinshui Syncline. (iii) Since the formation of the Qinshui Syncline, the main coal seam has been in an extensional environment below the neutral plane, resulting in the main dissipation of coalbed methane. During its geological history, surface water penetrated the aquifer above the main coal seam through two channels: the extensional area above the neutral plane of the adjacent anticline and the shear fracture. A hydrostatic pressure seal is formed in the Qinshui Syncline and the secondary syncline is superimposed upon it, which is the cause of gas enrichment in the syncline of the Qinshui Basin. (iv) Weak deformation in the syncline basin is the focus of global coalbed-methane exploration and development. The mechanism proposed in this paper can provide ideas and references for further understanding of coalbed-methane enrichment in this type of basin.

102 viewsCategory: Biophysics, Biotechnology, Physics
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