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RSS FeedsIJMS, Vol. 24, Pages 9744: Influence of Occlusal Hypofunction on Alveolar Bone Healing in Rats (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)


5 june 2023 05:18:56

IJMS, Vol. 24, Pages 9744: Influence of Occlusal Hypofunction on Alveolar Bone Healing in Rats (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)

The aim of this in vivo study was to investigate the effect of occlusal hypofunction on alveolar bone healing in the absence or presence of an enamel matrix derivative (EMD). A standardized fenestration defect over the root of the mandibular first molar in 15 Wistar rats was created. Occlusal hypofunction was induced by extraction of the antagonist. Regenerative therapy was performed by applying EMD to the fenestration defect. The following three groups were established: (a) normal occlusion without EMD treatment, (b) occlusal hypofunction without EMD treatment, and (c) occlusal hypofunction with EMD treatment. After four weeks, all animals were sacrificed, and histological (hematoxylin and eosin, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase) as well as immunohistochemical analyses (periostin, osteopontin, osteocalcin) were performed. The occlusal hypofunction group showed delayed bone regeneration compared to the group with normal occlusion. The application of EMD could partially, but not completely, compensate for the inhibitory effects of occlusal hypofunction on bone healing, as evidenced by hematoxylin and eosin and immunohistochemistry for the aforementioned molecules. Our results suggest that normal occlusal loading, but not occlusal hypofunction, is beneficial to alveolar bone healing. Adequate occlusal loading appears to be as advantageous for alveolar bone healing as the regenerative potential of EMD.

104 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology
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