IJMS, Vol. 24, Pages 12961: Cleavage and Polyadenylation-Specific Factor 4 (CPSF4) Expression Is Associated with Enhanced Prostate Cancer Cell Migration and Cell Cycle Dysregulation, In Vitro (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
Potential oncogene cleavage and polyadenylation specific factor 4 (CPSF4) has been linked to several cancer types. However, little research has been conducted on its function in prostate cancer (PCa). In benign, incidental, advanced, and castrate resistant PCa (CRPCa) patient samples, protein expression of CPSF4 was examined on tissue microarray (TMAs) of 353 PCa patients using immunohistochemistry. Using the ‘The Cancer Genome Atlas’ Prostate Adenocarcinoma (TCGA PRAD) database, significant correlations were found between high CPSF4 expression and high-risk genomic abnormalities such as ERG-fusion, ETV1-fusion, and SPOP mutations. Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) of CPSF4 revealed evidence for the increase in biological processes such as cellular proliferation and metastasis. We further examined the function of CPSF4 in vitro and confirmed CPSF4 clinical outcomes and its underlying mechanism. Our findings showed a substantial correlation between Gleason groups and CPSF4 protein expression. In vitro, CPSF4 knockdown reduced cell invasion and migration while also causing G1 and G2 arrest in PC3 cell lines. Our findings demonstrate that CPSF4 may be used as a possible biomarker in PCa and support its oncogenic function in cellular proliferation and metastasis.