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RSS FeedsMarine Drugs, Vol. 20, Pages 632: Total Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of Modified Ilamycin Derivatives (Marine Drugs)


3 october 2022 11:18:55

Marine Drugs, Vol. 20, Pages 632: Total Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of Modified Ilamycin Derivatives (Marine Drugs)

Ilamycins/rufomycins are marine cycloheptapeptides containing unusual amino acids. Produced by Streptomyces sp., these compounds show potent activity against a range of mycobacteria, including multidrug-resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The cyclic peptides target the AAA+ protein ClpC1 that, together with the peptidases ClpP1/ClpP2, forms an essential ATP-driven protease. Derivatives of the ilamycins with a simplified tryptophane unit are synthesized in a straightforward manner. The ilamycin derivative 26 with a cyclic hemiaminal structure is active in the nM-range against several mycobacterial strains and shows no significant cytotoxicity. In contrast, derivative 27, with a glutamic acid at this position, is significantly less active, with MICs in the mid µM-range. Detailed investigations of the mode of action of 26 indicate that 26 deregulates ClpC1 activity and strongly enhances ClpC1-WT ATPase activity. The consequences of 26 on ClpC1 proteolytic activities were substrate-specific, suggesting dual effects of 26 on ClpC1-WT function. The positive effect relates to ClpC1-WT ATPase activation, and the negative to competition with substrates for binding to the ClpC1 NTD.

73 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Pharmacology
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