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RSS FeedsIJMS, Vol. 24, Pages 12777: Metalloporphyrins Reduce Proteinuria in Podocyte Immune Injury: The Role of Metal and Porphyrin Moieties (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)

 
 

14 august 2023 11:13:54

 
IJMS, Vol. 24, Pages 12777: Metalloporphyrins Reduce Proteinuria in Podocyte Immune Injury: The Role of Metal and Porphyrin Moieties (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 


Depending on their central metal atom, metalloporphyrins (MPs) can attenuate or exacerbate the severity of immune-mediated kidney injury, and this has been attributed to the induction or inhibition of heme oxygenase (HO) activity, particularly the inducible isoform (HO-1) of this enzyme. The role of central metal or porphyrin moieties in determining the efficacy of MPs to attenuate injury, as well as mechanisms underlying this effect, have not been assessed. Using an antibody-mediated complement-dependent model of injury directed against rat visceral glomerular epithelial cells (podocytes) and two MPs (FePPIX, CoPPIX) that induce both HO-1 expression and HO enzymatic activity in vivo but differ in their chelated metal, we assessed their efficacy in reducing albuminuria. Podocyte injury was induced using rabbit immune serum raised against the rat podocyte antigen, Fx1A, and containing an anti-Fx1A antibody that activates complement at sites of binding. FePPIX or CoPPIX were injected intraperitoneally (5 mg/kg) 24 h before administration of the anti-Fx1A serum and on days 1, 3, 6, and 10 thereafter. Upon completion of urine collection on day 14, the kidney cortex was obtained for histopathology and isolation of glomeruli, from which total protein extracts were obtained. Target proteins were analyzed by capillary-based separation and immunodetection (Western blot analysis). Both MPs had comparable efficacy in reducing albuminuria in males, but the efficacy of CoPPIX was superior in female rats. The metal-free protoporphyrin, PPIX, had minimal or no effect on urine albumin excretion. CoPPIX was also the most potent MP in inducing glomerular HO-1, reducing complement deposition, and preserving the expression of the complement regulatory protein (CRP) CD55 but not that of CD59, the expression of which was reduced by both MPs. These observations demonstrate that the metal moiety of HO-1-inducing MPs plays an important role in reducing proteinuria via mechanisms involving reduced complement deposition and independently of an effect on CRPs.


 
58 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology
 
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